This article highlights the role of Coastal Command in the days leading up to the D-Day landings, and the patrols flown to protect the invasion forces during the build up and in the weeks that followed. Called “Operation Cork”, anti-U-Boat patrols were flown in the Western Approaches and the English Channel. Numerous U-Boats were sunk or severely disabled and those that survived inflicted minimal damage. The Beaufighter ands Mosquito Wings attacked E-Boats and surface warships with devastating results. This aspect of the success of the D-Day landings rarely gains mention and this article has been written to bring their outstanding exploits to wider attention
Category Archives: Articles
FLY PAST – DETERMINED DUTCHMEN
This article outlines the exploits and bravery of Dutchmen who escaped from their Nazi-occupied country to continue their fight with the RAF. The activities of the Dutch squadrons, Nos 320 and 322, are outlined with details of the gallantry of its members. Dutchmen flying with RAF squadrons are also highlighted. The DFC was awarded to 42 airmen with two receiving a Bar. Seven DFMs were awarded to Dutchmen. In addition others were appointed to orders and many received Dutch gallantry awards.
No 320 Squadron initially operated Hudsons in Coastal Command before transferring to 2 TAF with the Mitchell bomber. No 322 operated the Spitfire. Accounts include the exploits of Jacob t’Hart, a Lancaster pilot twice awarded the DFC, and of Bob van der Stok, one of only three men to reach freedom after the Great Escape from Stalag Luft III.
FLYPAST – GALLANTRY IN THE AIR
With the conclusion of the long-running series relating the stories of the airmen holders of the Victoria Cross, a new series Above and Beyond has started in the September issue of FlyPast. This first article provides the background to the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Distinguished Flying Medal. It highlights the creation and the development of the criteria for the award of the two decorations for gallantry in the air. The article is illustrated by examples of both immediate and non-immediate awards and includes the first award of the DFC to a female and the only post-war award of the DFC and two Bars.
Each monthly issue of FlyPast will focus on one individual and describe the events that led to the award of the decorations.
ROYAL MAIL – HARRIER 50TH ANNIVERSARY
The Royal Mail have issued a series of four stamps to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of the Harrier Jump Jet. The stamps form part of a an issue celebrating British Engineering. The Harrier issue includes a medallion and an insert describing the development and operational use of the iconic jet, which is lavishly illustrated with photographs and a timeline highlighting the milestones in the aircraft’s service with the RAF ands the Fleet Air Arm. I was pleased to be invited for the second time (see RAF 100) to provide all the narrative.
For further details click HERE and click on Engineering
BRITAIN AT WAR – BOMBER COMMAND’S FIRST VICTORIA CROSS
This article in the May issue outlines the career of Wing Commander ‘Babe’ Learoyd who was Bomber Command’s first VC. A pre-war regular pilot, he flew an operational sortie in his Hampden bomber of 49 Squadron on the morning that war was declared. There was little activity during the “Phoney War” but operations intensified after the German occupation of the Low Countries and France in May/June 1940. A target of special importance was the Dortmund-Ems Canal, used for the build-up of shipping and barges for the planned invasion of Britain. On the night of August 11/12 a force of Hampdens attacked a key aqueduct, which was heavily defended. Two of the five aircraft were shot down. Learoyd was the last to attack and had witnessed the earlier attacks. Despite the intense opposition he bombed successfully from 150 feet. He then nursed home his badly damaged aircraft and waited until daylight to make a safe landing. He was awarded the VC. He later commanded a Lancaster squadron and left the RAF at the end of the war. He died in January 1996.
BRITAIN AT WAR – HURRICANE TOP GUN
This month’s magazine Britain at War features a long and lavishly illustrated article that relates the brief and gallant life of the RAF’s first fighter ‘ace’ (five victories) in World War Two. New Zealander ‘Cobber’ Kain was a Hurricane pilot serving with No. 73 Squadron, which moved to France in September 1939 as apart of the Advanced Air Striking Force. Kain’s first success came on 8 November when he shot down a Dornier 17 reconnaissance aircraft. By the time the German’s invaded the Low Countries and France on 10 May 1940, Kain had already achieved ‘ace’ status. In the fierce fighting that followed, his score mounted to at least seventeen. Exhausted, he was ordered home and on 7 June he took off from a landing strip and turned to make a farewell flypast. He had completed two slow rolls when he crashed and was killed. At the time of his death he was the RAF’s most successful fighter pilot. He was twenty-one years old.
FLYPAST – A NOBLE MAN – NEVILLE DUKE
This month’s edition of Flypast pays tribute to one of the country’s finest pilots and a true gentleman – the legendary Neville Duke, fighter ace and test pilot. Ken Ellis and I trace his highly successful career as a fighter pilot in the skies over UK and in the Middle East and as a test pilot with Hawkers. One of the RAF’s top-scoring ‘Aces’ with twenty-seven confirmed victories and awarded the DSO and DFC & 2 Bars, he was one of the RAF’s most highly decorated fighter pilots. After leaving the RAF he became one of the best known test pilots in the world and will always be permanently associated with the beautiful Hawker Hunter and his displays at the Farnborough Air Shows.
BRITAIN AT WAR – RAF REGIMENT BURMA STAR
In the September issue of Britain at War, I have written an article given the title ‘Holding the Line – At All Costs’. It relates the story of Sergeant Norman Gerrish and his colleagues of No. 2807 Squadron of the RAF Regiment in their epic battle to take and hold the crucial airfield of Meiktila in Burma during the advance of Lieutenant General Sir William Slim’s 14th Army to Rangoon.
Gerrish’s inspirational leadership resulted in the immediate award of the Military Medal for gallantry. The citation highlighted his ‘courage, determination and leadership in holding two companies of the Japanese and for their ultimate defeat’.
To see the magazine click HERE
FLYPAST – LONG REACH
Throughout the RAF’s Centenary year, Flypast magazine is running a series of features commemorating significant activities that reflect the RAF’s illustrious history. In the latest issue is an article I have written on the RAF’s record-breaking long-distance expeditions of the 1920s and 1930s. The article discusses the earliest long-distance flights to India, to West Africa and to South Africa before outlining in detail, the record-breaking attempts by the Fairey Monoplane, which culminated in a non-stop to Walvis Bay, a distance of 5,309 miles. The article concludes with a detailed account of the flight in 1938 of three Wellesleys of the Long Range Development Unit. Two successfully completed the 7,159 miles non-stop flight from Ismailia in Egypt to Darwin in Australia in 48 hours and 5 minutes .
ROYAL MAIL – RAF CENTENARY STAMP ISSUE
A First Day Cover with six specially commissioned stamps to commemorate the RAF Centenary was issued by the Royal Mail on 20 March 2018 together with a card insert. In addition a special pack of Centenary stamps and four new stamps depicting the Red Arrows was issued. Also produced is a booklet which includes a series of short narratives highlighting major milestones in the RAF’s 100 year history. I was honoured to be invited by the Royal Mail to produce all the written material for the issue.
For more details click HERE